HORNET (Heb. צִרְעָה), insect. Three times the Bible mentions that the hornet would be sent ahead of the Israelites to drive out the inhabitants of the land of Canaan before them (Ex. 23:28; Deut. 7:20; Josh. 24:12). Some contend that the reference here is not to actual hornets but to the pharaohs of Egypt, whose emblem was the hornet. However, it may also refer to the hornet Vespa orientalis which multiplies in time of war when fields are untilled, making its nest in burrows in uncultivated ground. When in mishnaic times hornets increased considerably, prayers were offered for their removal (Ta'an. 14a), and an instance is mentioned of death resulting from a hornet's sting. In Babylonia the danger of being stung by "a hornet in Nineveh" was stressed, it being permitted to kill one even on a Sabbath (Shab. 80b). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 121. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 273. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Hornet — (engl. für „Hornisse“) ist eine verbreitete militärische Bezeichnung für Schiffe, Flugzeuge und Waffen und steht u. a. für: USS Hornet, ein traditioneller Schiffsname der US Marine F/A 18 Hornet, ein Jagdbomber der US Marine 206 Hornet, ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hornet — Hor net, n. [AS. hyrnet; akin to OHG. hornaz, hornuz, G. horniss; perh. akin to E. horn, and named from the sound it makes as if blowing the horn; but more prob. akin to D. horzel, Lith. szirszone, L. crabo.] (Zo[ o]l.) A large, strong wasp. The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hornet — es un término que puede referirse a: El avión F/A 18 Hornet. Al personaje de ficción de Marvel Spiderman, cuando adoptó la personalidad de Hornet. Al personaje de ficción de Marvel Hornet. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • horneţ — HORNÉŢ, horneţe, s.n. (reg.) Diminutiv al lui horn; coş (la o casă). – Horn + suf. eţ. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  HORNÉŢ s. v. cămin, coş, horn. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  hornéţ s. n …   Dicționar Român

  • hornet — O.E. hyrnet, hurnitu large wasp, beetle, probably from P.Gmc. *hurz nut (Cf. O.S. hornut, M.Du. huersel, Du. horzel, O.H.G. hornaz, Ger. Hornisse hornet ), from PIE imitative (buzzing) root *krs , as preserved in O.C.S. srusa, Lith. szirszu wasp …   Etymology dictionary

  • hornet — [hôr′nit] n. [ME harnette < OE hyrnet, akin to Ger hornisse < IE base * k̑er (see HORN) > L crabro, hornet] any of several large social wasps (family Vespidae), strikingly colored yellow and black …   English World dictionary

  • hornet — ► NOUN ▪ a kind of large wasp, typically red and yellow or red and black. ● stir up a hornets nest Cf. ↑stir up a hornets nest ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • Hornet — Taxobox name = Hornet image caption = Oriental hornet, Vespa orientalis image width = 250px regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Hymenoptera subordo = Apocrita familia = Vespidae subfamilia = Vespinae genus = Vespa genus …   Wikipedia

  • Hornet — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Hornet, frelon en anglais, peut faire référence à : Honda Hornet, une motocyclette ; Hudson Hornet, une automobile américaine produite entre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hornet — /hawr nit/, n. any large, stinging paper wasp of the family Vespidae, as Vespa crabro (giant hornet), introduced into the U.S. from Europe, or Vespula maculata (bald faced hornet or white faced hornet), of North America. [bef. 900; ME harnete, OE …   Universalium

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